Concurrent Sexual Partnerships (CSP) are defined as overlapping partnerships where sexual intercourse with one partner occurs between two acts of intercourse with another partner. CSP have been identified as a key driver of HIV transmission in countries with generalized epidemics, low condom use and low prevalence of male circumcision.
In a number of countries throughout east and southern Africa, PSI has conducted formative studies and has begun implementing multi-channel interventions targeting those who engage in CSP. PSI's strategy to address CSP includes increasing knowledge of the epidemiological significance of CSP, raising awareness about the increased HIV risk associated with CSP, and implementing interventions to address partner reduction and condom use.
In Kenya, PSI launched a national mass media campaign to increase risk perception among married men and women. PSI Zimbabwe is currently implementing IPC led interventions to facilitate community discussions about risk perception and is preparing to launch a new, national campaign. In Mozambique, PSI has developed interactive tools used by outreach workers to facilitate participatory discussions and critical thinking about CSP among community members. In Botswana, PSI provides support to the Botswana government to design and implement a national multi-channel campaign to raise awareness and risk perception about CSP and to encourage partner reduction.
Related content by category
Health Areas: HIV