According to UNAIDS, sex between men accounts for approximately 5-10% of HIV infections worldwide. Unprotected anal sex, multiple sexual partners, and the often secretive nature of sexual relationships contribute to the fact that in many countries, HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) is much higher than in the general population.
Many countries do not acknowledge the existence of MSM, which exacerbates the stigma they face and the perceived need to remain "hidden." As a result, fewer than 5% of the world's MSM have access to HIV prevention and care services. Reaching MSM with HIV prevention interventions is also complicated by varying perceptions and definitions of homosexuality, sexual identity and gender roles. Many MSM have both male and female partners who may be unaware that their partners are having sex with other people.
PSI implements HIV prevention programs targeting MSM in Cambodia, Central Asia Republics, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Laos, Madagascar, Mexico, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Romania, Russia, Swaziland, Thailand, Togo and Vietnam. These programs range from interpersonal communication to mass media campaigns designed to increase HIV risk perception and consistent condom use.
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Health Areas: HIV